Psychopharmacology is a branch of medicine that deals with the impact pharmaceuticals have on brain chemistry and neuroreceptors. Certain medications can have a very positive (or negative) impact on the brain when prescribed to certain patients. While not every mental health patient utilizes psychopharmacology, it is important to understand how the different medications that are prescribed can affect a person’s brain. Kentlands Psychotherapy in Gaithersburg can help patients better understand psychopharmacology and how it can help manage certain mental illnesses.

There are many different medications that fall under the psychopharmacology umbrella. Each different medication is prescribed to treat a certain behavior, a set of behaviors, or a certain mental illness. Here are some of the most common pharmaceuticals and their uses:

  • Antianxiety: These medications help people cope and manage with their anxiety issues. This is also the most commonly prescribed grouping of pharmaceuticals for mental health patients, and comes in either a sedative or a hypnotic. Often times, these medications are prescribed in conjunction with other pharmaceutical treatments.
  • Antidepressants: Individuals who suffer from depression are often prescribed antidepressants to stabilize mood. These pharmaceuticals often alter brain chemistry to promote the release of mood-related neurotransmitters.
  • Antipsychotics: Antipsychotics are prescribed to individuals who suffer from manic disorders, schizophrenia, and more. These medications alter brain chemistry by way of neurotransmitters. Antipsychotics help manage psychosis and other detrimental behaviors.
  • Mood Stabilizers: This category of pharmaceuticals is often prescribes to individuals who suffer from bipolar disorder. These medication help to even out the manic phases associated with the illness. Mood stabilizers also help the body regulate mood for longer periods of time.
  • Psychostimulants: These medications are often prescribed to people who suffer from ADHD and sleep disturbances. Psychostimulants will alter the brain by way of certain neurotransmitters that stimulate the central nervous system. Proper stimulation will improve focus while helping a person stay awake and alert.

To learn more about psychopharmacology and how it can benefit you or a loved one, contact Kentlands Psychotherapy in Gaithersburg, MD. We are here to help you manage your mental health.